Impact of Phase Curvature on Measuring 5G Millimeter Wave Devices

Wireless industry through 3GPP has standardized 5G in both FR1 (sub 6 GHz) and FR2 (24.25-52.6 GHz) frequency ranges.

While FR1 will be using frequencies already in place for LTE-4G technology, FR2 is dealing with mmWave frequencies. Due to the high free space path loss (FSPL), 5G at mmWave would impose the use of directive antennas on both ends of the communication link, the User Equipment (UE) and the Base Station (BS). A black box approach (i.e. the location of the antenna within the device is unknown) has been agreed to be used for Over The Air (OTA) measurements.